Mr. Aspinwall presents a comprehensive overview of the anti-kickback statute to show how Congress enacted the legislation to prevent inappropriate utilization and to reduce the ambiguity of the anti-kickback prohibitions by adding a knowing and willful requirement to the standard of intent. He discusses the different lines of caselaw on the anti-kickback standard of intent, and closely examines the standard endorsed by the OIG. He proposes adopting a standard of reasonableness modeled after the rule of reason from antitrust law, using cost-effectiveness as the primary criterion. He argues that a cost-benefit outcomes-based approach to the anti-kickback statute would better serve the public interest.
The Anti-Kickback Statute Standard(s) of Intent: The Case for a Rule of Reason Analysis,
Annals Health L.
Available at: https://lawecommons.luc.edu/annals/vol9/iss1/7